Medieval Musings

All things pertaining to history.
 
HomeHome  FAQFAQ  SearchSearch  MemberlistMemberlist  UsergroupsUsergroups  RegisterRegister  Log inLog in  

Share | 
 

 House of Anjou

View previous topic View next topic Go down 
AuthorMessage
Melisende
Admin
avatar

Posts : 210
Join date : 2008-10-26
Location : Australia

PostSubject: House of Anjou   Mon Oct 27, 2008 4:29 pm

House of Anjou

French noble family established in 9th century.

1st House:
Fulk I to Geoffrey Plantagenet; Geoffrey's son became King of England as Henry II.

2nd House:
Plantagenet Kings of England, especially Henry II, Richard I and John; much of English land in France lost to King Philip II Augustus; countship attached to France (1259); no Plantagenets after John were Counts of Anjou, though called Angevins.

3rd House:
Kings of Naples & Sicily - Anjou given (1246) by King Louis IX to brother Charles, Count of Provence, later King of Naples and Sicily (1266-1285); Charles succeeded by son Charles II (1285-1309). Charles II had five children - five interrelated lines of European rulers:

(1) Hungary:
From oldest son Charles Martel (1272?-1295), king in opposition to Andrew III; other members included Charles Robert, founder of Anjou line of Hungary (1308-1342); Louis the Great, King of Hungary (1342-1382), Poland (1370-1382); Mary (r.1382-1395), who married Sigismund, later Holy Roman Emperor.

(2) Naples:
From second son Robert; succeeded father Charles II as King of Naples (1309-1342); he succeeded by granddaughter Joanna I, Queen of Naples (1343-1382), who adopted Louis of Anjou (see (4) below).

(3) Naples:
From third son John, Duke of Durazzo; grandson Charles III, King of Naples (1381-1386); he succeeded by son Ladislas (1386-1414) and daughter Joanna II (1414-1485) - direct line extinct.

(4) France, Anjou, Naples:
From fourth child Margaret, married Charles de Valois; her son Philip chosen (1328) as Philip IV, first King of House of Valois - countship reverted to crown; Philip succeeded by son John II (1350-1364) - countship bestowed (1357) by John on second son Louis I and raised to duchy (1360); Louis adopted by Joanna I as successor to Naples (1382-1384) - titular king only; next two kings titular only - Louis II (r.1389-1399) and Louis III (r.1417-1434); Louis II's second son Rene last ruling Duke of Anjou (1434-1480), also King of Naples (1435-1442) after death of Joanna II but driven out by King Alfonso I (see (5) below); Rene's daughter Margaret of Anjou married King Henry VI of England.

(5) Aragon & Naples:
From fifth child Blanche, who married James II, King of Aragon; line descended to Alfonso V (1416-1458) - Alfonso I, King of Naples (1443-1458); his natural son Ferdinand I succeeded as King of Naples (1458-1496); he was followed by Alfonso II (r.1494-1495) and by Ferdinand II (r.1495-1496), who was the last of the House of Anjou in Naples.

Duchy of Anjou reverted to French crown (1480) - bestowed later on Francois, son of Henry II of France, but on his death (1584) became part of the royal domain; title borne by other French Kings and members of the royal family but without implying territorial sovereignty.


_________________
"For my part, I adhere to the maxim of antiquity: The throne is a glorious sepulchre."
Back to top Go down
View user profile http://medievalmusings.motionforum.net
 
House of Anjou
View previous topic View next topic Back to top 
Page 1 of 1
 Similar topics
-
» The House Of Al-Arqam
» Help Me Understand....why a undiscovered room is found in a house!!!
» Stirling House
» old house & driving dream
» tornado hit my house

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
Medieval Musings :: Articles :: Dynasties - Social Groups-
Jump to: